AC Joint Dislocations

Acromioclavicular joint (AC joint) dislocation or shoulder separation is one of the most common injuries of the upper arm. It involves separation of the AC joint and injury to the ligaments that support the joint. The AC joint forms where the clavicle (collarbone) meets the shoulder blade (acromion).

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Fractures are more common in children due to their activities as well as their bone properties. Children are more active than adults and management of fractures in them also differs as compared to that in adults. Fractures occur when the bone is subjected to excessive stress than normal. It is very common in children because of the presence of a growth plate which is the area of the child�s bone that consists of cartilage cells that transform into solid bone as the child grows. Growth plate fractures occur more often because it is the weakest area in the bone.

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Little League Shoulder

Little league shoulder is an injury to the growth plate of the upper arm bone in the shoulder joint of children. It is caused due to overuse from pitching or throwing, especially in children between the ages of 10 to 15 years. This condition is mostly seen in baseball pitchers but children in other sports who use improper throwing action are also at risk.

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Scapulothoracic Bursitis

The scapulothoracic joint is located where the shoulder blade or scapula joins the rib cage. The scapula moves easily due to the presence of bursa (fluid filled sacs) which helps in the smooth movement of the joint. Inflammation of the bursa is termed scapulothoracic bursitis. This inflammation may be caused due to over usage, consistent motion and repetitive movements of the joint.

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Shoulder Instability

Shoulder instability is a chronic condition that causes frequent dislocations of the shoulder joint.

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Osteochondritis Dissecans

Osteochondritis dissecans is a joint condition in which a piece of cartilage, along with a thin layer of the bone separates from the end of the bone because of inadequate blood supply. The separated fragments are sometimes called "joint mice". These fragments may be localized, or may detach and fall into the joint space causing pain and joint instability.

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Discoid Meniscus

The knee joint is cushioned by a wedged or crescent moon-shaped tissue between the thigh and shin bone, which acts as a shock absorber. Discoid meniscus is an abnormally shaped meniscus - half moon or complete circle. The cause of discoid meniscus is unknown.

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